Written by: Melissa-Sue John, Ph.D.
In the United States of America, the national average for per pupil expenditure is approximately $12,000. Significant disparity exists across the country. For example, New York and Alaska spend more than $20,000 per student; North Carolina spends $8,940; while Utah spends less than $4,000 (Governing, 2017; US Census, 2015).
Teachers in schools who receive significantly less spending per student believe an increase in funds per student would make a difference in achievement and overall student well-being (Valdosta Times, 2018). These disparities translate to some students having access to new text books, state of the art technology, personalized laptops, field trips, small class sizes, nurses and psychologists on staff, and brand-new text books, while other schools have students with insufficient books, outdated or dilapidated text books, and no money for educational field trips. The low-income children are certainly feeling it and are expected to compete at the same rate. No wonder the academic achievement gap remains persistent.